Knee 2016-10-12T12:39:56+00:00

Knee

knee Blacksburg VA

The knee is stabilized and protected by an intricate system of ligaments, cartilage and muscles. Our knees are on the go every day. Sports, work and activities of daily life can take a toll. A sudden movement in the wrong direction, a twist with a planted foot or the cumulative effects of long-term wear and tear can lead to damage in one or more of the structures of the knee.

When this happens, it is time to see an expert. Sideline Orthopedics provides comprehensive care for conditions and injuries of the knee joint. We focus first on conservative treatments, or non-surgical ways to help you heal and restore function to your knee. Our conservative treatments include medication, injections, activity modification and physical therapy.

When conservative measures fail to give you the relief you need to maintain your quality of life, Dr. Bart Eastwood will offer the appropriate surgical treatments followed by a physical therapy program. Most surgeries of the knee are performed with minimally invasive arthroscopic techniques to offer a quicker healing time and a reduced risk of complications. From ACL reconstruction to total knee replacements, Sideline Orthopedics has the expertise to get you back on your feet and back in the game.

Sideline Orthopedics in Blacksburg, VA specializes in reconstruction, repair and replacement procedures of the knee. We are proud to offer comprehensive and high quality knee care.

The ligaments around the knee are strong. However, they can become injured. The ligaments may be stretched (sprained), or sometimes torn (ruptured). A ligament rupture can be partial (some of the fibers that make up the ligament are torn) or complete (the ligament is torn through completely). The majority of knee ligament injuries are sprains and not tears and they tend to resolve quickly.

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PLC injuries most often occur as a result of trauma during a sporting event. The knee becomes hyperextended and an inward force plus a rotation force is applied to the knee. Posterolateral corner injuries usually cause pain at the back and outside of the knee.

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Multi-ligament knee injuries generally occur in high-impact sports where people are struck or tackled, such as football. Other causes include traumatic injury, a direct blow to the knee, skiing or automobile accidents, or a fall from a height.

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Osteoarthritis, or “wear-and-tear” arthritis, is caused when the cartilage that protects your bones wears away. When this happens, the bones of the joints rub against one another with less of the shock-absorbing benefits of cartilage. The rubbing results in pain, swelling, stiffness, decreased ability to move and, sometimes, the formation of bone spurs.

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Knee replacement surgery, also called knee arthroplasty, can help relieve pain and restore function in severely diseased knee joints. The replacement procedure involves cutting away damaged bone and cartilage from your thighbone, shinbone, and kneecap, and replacing it with an artificial joint made of metal alloys, high-grade plastics, and polymers.

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A common knee injury is a tear in the meniscus. The meniscus is a rubbery C-shaped disc that provides cushion in your knees. Each knee has two menisci, one on the outer edge of the knee and one on the inner edge. Through proper diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation, it is possible to return to your pre-injury activities and activity level.

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Knee arthroscopy is a minimally invasive surgical technique that used to diagnose and treat problems of the knee joint. Arthroscopy diagnoses several knee problems, such as a tear in the meniscus or a misaligned patella (kneecap). Arthroscopic procedures can also allow the doctor to repair the ligaments of the joint. 

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The menisci perform a critically important job in the knee to provide stability, to act as a cushion against compressive loads, and to ensure overall joint health. Meniscal transplantation is a reasonable option in young, active patients with symptomatic meniscal deficiency following the removal of a large portion of the meniscus.

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The patella, or kneecap lies in front of the knee joint. The patella glides up and down a groove called the patellofemoral groove located at the front of the thigh bone or femur as the knee bends. The patella is attached to the quadriceps muscle by way of the quadriceps tendon and acts to increase the leverage from this muscle group when straightening the knee.

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Inflammation of the quadriceps tendon, also known as quadriceps tendinitis, weakens the tendon. The inflammation may also cause small tears. Quadriceps tendinitis is most common in people who run and participate in sports that involve jumping.

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Plica syndrome is often characterized by anterior knee pain, commonly found along the superomedial aspect of the knee. The plica is considered to be a structure in the knee lacking significant function or importance.

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Each of your knees has 11 bursae. Any of these bursae can become inflamed, but knee bursitis most commonly occurs over the kneecap, or on the inner side of your knee below the joint. Bursitis of the knee causes pain and can limit your mobility.

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The kneecap (patella) acts like a shield for your knee joint, it can easily be broken. Falling directly onto your knee, for example, is a common cause of patellar fractures.

These fractures are serious injuries and often require surgery to heal. Over the long term, they may cause arthritis in the knee.

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